Clearing Archive Roboposter roboposter at
Sun Jul 19 18:06:02 EDT 2020

According to Maslow, there are general types of needs (physiological, 
safety, love, and esteem) that must be satisfied before a person can act 
unselfishly. He called these needs "deficiency needs." As long as we are 
motivated to satisfy these cravings, we are moving towards growth, toward 
self-actualization. Satisfying needs is healthy, blocking gratification 
makes us sick or evil. In other words, we are all "needs junkies" with 
cravings that must be satisfied and should be satisfied. Else, we become 

Needs are prepotent. A prepotent need is one that has the greatest 
influence over our actions. Everyone has a prepotent need, but that need 
will vary among individuals. A teenager may have a need to feel that 
he/she is accepted by a group. A heroin addict will need to satisfy 
his/her cravings for heroin to function normally in society, and will not 
worry about acceptance by other people. According to Maslow, when the 
deficiency needs are met:

At once other (and higher) needs emerge, and these, rather than 
physiological hungers, dominate the organism. And when these in turn are 
satisfied, again new (and still higher) needs emerge, and so on. As one 
desire is satisfied, another pops up to take its place.

Physiological Needs

Physiological needs are the very basic needs such as air, water, food, 
sleep, sex, etc. When these are not satisfied we may feelsickness, 
irritation, pain, discomfort, etc. These feelings motivate us to alleviate 
them as soon as possible to establish homeostasis. Once they are 
alleviated, we may think about other things.

Safety Needs

Safety needs have to do with establishing stability and consistency in a 
chaotic world. These needs are mostly psychological in nature. We need the 
security of a home and family. However, if a family is dysfunction, i.e., 
an abusive husband, the wife cannot move to the next level because she is 
constantly concerned for her safety. Love and belongingness have to wait 
until she is no longer cringing in fear. Many in our society cry out for 
law and order because they do not feel safe enough to go for a walk in 
their neighborhood. Many people, particularly those in the inner cities, 
unfortunately, are stuck at this level. In addition, safety needs 
sometimes motivate people to be religious. Religions comfort us with the 
promise of a safe secure place after we die and leave the insecurity of 
this world.

Love Needs

Love and belongingness are next on the ladder. Humans have a desire to 
belong to groups: clubs, work groups, religious groups, family, gangs, etc.
  We need to feel loved (non-sexual) by others, to be accepted by others. 
Performers appreciate applause. We need to be needed. Beer commercials, in 
addition to playing on sex, also often show how beer makes for camaraderie.
  When was the last time you saw a beer commercial with someone drinking 
beer alone?

Esteem Needs

There are two types of esteem needs. First is self-esteem which results 
from competence or mastery of a task. Second, there's the attention and 
recognition that comes from others. This is similar to the belongingness 
level, however, wanting admiration has to do with the need for power. 
People who have all of their lower needs satisfied, often drive very 
expensive cars because doing so raises their level of esteem. "Hey, look 
what I can afford-peon!"


The need for self-actualization is "the desire to become more and more 
what one is, to become everything that one is capable of becoming." People 
who have everything can maximize their potential. They can seek knowledge,
  peace, esthetic experiences, self-fulfillment, oneness with God, etc. It 
is usually middle-class to upper-class students who take up environmental 
causes, join the Peace Corps, go off to a monastery, etc.

Lifted from for discussion relative 
to Clearing.

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Sun Jul 19 18:06:02 EDT 2020 
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Learning implies Learning with Certainty or Learning without Certainty.
Learning across a Distance implies Learning by Being an Effect.
Learning by Being an Effect implies Learning without Certainty.
Therefore, Learning with Certainty implies Learning, but 
not by Being an Effect, and not across a Distance.

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